Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review http://www.entelekya.org/index.php/review <p><em style="box-sizing: border-box; color: #212529; font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, 'Helvetica Neue', Arial, sans-serif, 'Apple Color Emoji', 'Segoe UI Emoji', 'Segoe UI Symbol'; font-size: small; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review</em><span style="color: #212529; font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, 'Helvetica Neue', Arial, sans-serif, 'Apple Color Emoji', 'Segoe UI Emoji', 'Segoe UI Symbol'; font-size: small; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">&nbsp;is semiannual scholarly international peer-reviewed philosophy journal.&nbsp; </span></p> Entelekya School of Logico-Metaphysics en-US Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review 2602-3466 Editorial Information http://www.entelekya.org/index.php/review/article/view/35 <p>This item contains information about the Generic, Contents, and Dedication.</p> Entelekya Review ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 4 1 1 4 Suhrawardī the Philosopher and the Reasons Behind His Death http://www.entelekya.org/index.php/review/article/view/34 <p>Although the cause of Suhrawardī’s death may have been his esoteric views, we can see that this was a political medium. Because the decision of Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn al-Ayyūbī to execute Suhrawardī was political, especially because of the Crusades moving towards al-Quds at that time, where was taken by the Crusaders. There is a definite alliance upon that Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn al-Ayyūbī ordered to kill Suhrawardī. Because the other issues Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn al-Ayyūbī was dealing with prevented him from coming to Aleppo and examining this issue in detail. At the same time, Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn al-Ayyūbī could not have time to discuss whether the decision to kill Suhrawardī for political reasons was a hasty one. although the cause of Suhrawardī’s death may have been his esoteric views, we can see that this was a political medium. As a result, the decision of Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn al-Ayyūbī to execute Suhrawardī has based on political reasons. Some matters were mentioned in Suhrawardī’s death fatwā, especially his suggestion of disbelief to the people and his disorderly conduct of al-Malik al-Ẓāhir were cited as the cause of death.</p> Ilyas Altuner ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 4 1 5 14 Tracing al-Dawānī in Ottoman Lands http://www.entelekya.org/index.php/review/article/view/36 <p>It is generally considered and widely accepted that Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī School to be effective in the formation and development of Ottoman intellectual life. However, there are some ʻulamā’ such as Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī, who influenced the Ottoman mindset with both their works and ideas and beyond, they create distinct traditions. Present outline aims to draw attention to this issue through Mu’ayyadzāda ʻAbd al-Raḥmān Efendi, who is a famous disciple and representative of al-Dawānī perspective in Anatolia. In this respect, it introduces the two risālas belongs to him that are important in terms of his theory of nature, and by moving here it points to some questions that need to be answered here and some issues that need to be addressed.</p> Osman Demir ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 4 1 15 28 Spinoza’s Distinction between Religion and Reason http://www.entelekya.org/index.php/review/article/view/38 <p>The main point that Spinoza emphasis in his religious criticism is the distinction that he made between religion and philosophy, also, this is becoming the main topic of Spinoza's book named <em>Theological-Political Treaties</em>. Spinoza reveals the inaccuracy of attempting to adapt religion to reason/ philosophy or to adapt reason/philosophy to religion, through the works of two prominent names, Mūsā ibn Maimūn (Moses Maimonides) and Juda ben Alpakhar, in the Jewish traditional thought. &nbsp;Although these two thinkers belong to the same tradition and the same faith, they differ from each other in terms of methodology. In this study, firstly, we will examine the opinions of Ibn Maimūn and Alpakhar on the subject and subsequently, we will try to analyze the subject with consideration of Spinoza’s criticism and comments related to the subject.</p> Kibar Gürbüz ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 4 1 29 43 Religion, Pluralism, and the Problem of Living Together in the Light of Kymlicka’s Thoughts http://www.entelekya.org/index.php/review/article/view/42 <p>Today’s societies face the minorities that want recognition and respect for cultural differences. Kymlicka names it the challenge of multiculturalism. It is considered that identity and recognition problems have recently come to the fore because of a transformation in the perception of subject, truth, reason caused by postmodernism. Kymlicka claims that even if it is more difficult to live together today, it is not because of the so-called post-truth age. In his opinion, we have never reached absolute common grounds before, either. So, it is not true that we cannot get common grounds by we do not believe metaphysical truths anymore. He already believes that a sense of justice does not count on the metaphysical truths, but it can be based on social identities and a sense of belonging. So, he thinks that an overlapping consensus is possible. However, I will defend a different perspective about pluralism and living together. I think that modus vivendi is an undeniable universal fact. For this reason, an overlapping consensus as a model of living together can only be possible domestically at the expense of a global modus vivendi.</p> Selçuk Erincik ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 4 1 45 77 Aristotle on Phantasia http://www.entelekya.org/index.php/review/article/view/40 <p>Born as <em>φαντασία</em> (<em>phantasia</em>) in Greek philosophy, the concept of imagination that today we understand from has a different meaning and contains different functions. This study attempts to reveal the conceptual contents and functions by examining the conceptual transformation of the concept in Ancient Greece and Aristotle’s terminology and epistemological function.</p> Murat Dinç Canver ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 4 1 79 93 From Homo Sapiens to Homo Cogitans http://www.entelekya.org/index.php/review/article/view/39 <p>In this study, the philosophical and modern problems that arise in the fields of ontology and epistemology within the framework of Descartes' method are studied and investigated. There is an extensive literature on Cartesian philosophy. Homo sapiens refers to the type of people who can think and can collaborate and collaborate with many members. <em>Homo cogitans</em> means the kind of person who can think again but thinking here is not just thinking. We are talking about a species that thinks how it thinks and prioritizes its own thoughts and good sense. Our aim here is to study the journey of a man from Homo sapiens to <em>homo cogitans</em>. We investigated and analyzed the answers to many questions such as what the effects of Cartesian philosophy are today, how Descartes' methodical suspicion led us to individualism.</p> Şeyma Şirin ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 4 1 95 103 Author Guidelines http://www.entelekya.org/index.php/review/article/view/41 <p>This item contains information about the Author Guidelines.</p> Entelekya Review ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 4 1 105 108